Cox's Bazar / Rangoon - In view of the mass exodus of Muslim Rohingya from Myanmar, humanitarian catastrophe threatens neighboring Bangladesh, according to the UN. In the past three weeks, more than 410,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh, said the UN Children's Fund Unicef.
Thousands more are added every day. The ongoing violence in Myanmar has made the situation one of the "fastest growing refugee crises in recent years," wrote the International Organization for Migration (IOM). The escape of hundreds of thousands of people began on August 25, when Myanmar's military began raids in the state of Rakhine following attacks by Rohingya rebels on police and military posts.
Rakhine borders on Bangladesh. The Rohingya are not recognized as citizens of Myanmar, the former Burma. In the multiethnic state, the vast majority of the population is Buddhist. "It is to despair. This is one of the largest man-made crises and mass exodus in the region for decades, ”said Martin Faller, Deputy Regional Director of the Red Cross.
Six out of ten refugees are children
The UN Children's Fund Unicef warned in particular that six out of ten refugees were children. 36,000 of them are babies under one year old, plus tens of thousands of pregnant women. Most of the refugees live in makeshift camps along main road that comes from Myanmar to Bangladesh.
The area was recently flooded and “unable to cope with large number of new arrivals “, Said spokesman for the UN refugee agency UNHCR. "Immediate food aid is needed," said UN report on the current situation.
Hundreds of thousands of displaced people without adequate help
"We have it obviously to do with catastrophic humanitarian situation ”, emphasized government spokesman Steffen Seibert. Germany supported the aid measures for Rakhine. A spokesman for the Federal Foreign Office called for unhindered access for international observers and aid organizations. The aid organization Doctors Without Borders said hundreds of thousands of displaced people were without sufficient help. Aid organizations should have "immediate unhindered access" to Rakhine.
International observers have repeatedly criticized the silence of Myanmar's de facto head of state Aung San Suu Kyi. "I would expect that the head of state could bring (the violence) under control and would be able to reverse the situation," UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres told the British broadcaster BBC on Sunday. “She has one chance, one last chance, to do this."It is clear, however, that the military, which had dictatorially ruled Myanmar for decades," still have the upper hand "in the country, Guterres said.
Some commentators point out that the Buddhist majority in Myanmar Consents to violence against the Rohingya Muslim minority. An unnamed diplomat told the British newspaper Guardian that Suu Kyi also feels attacked by the Rohingya and is “defending their country”.
Sanctions against the army of Myanmar called for h2 >
The human rights organization Human Rights Watch (HRW) today called on the United Nations to impose sanctions on the Myanmar army. "The UN Security Council and affected countries should impose targeted sanctions and an arms embargo on the Myanmar military and thus end its campaign of ethnic cleansing against Rohingya Muslims," urged HRW in statement.
The crisis of the Rohingya has to start with the general debate that starts tomorrow the UN General Assembly called for priority, the human rights organization. The government of Myanmar indicated yesterday that it would not take back all Rohingya who fled across the border into Bangladesh. Certain refugees are accused of having links with the rebels in Rakhine state. This is likely to cause anger among Bangladesh's Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina. Tomorrow she wants to appeal to the UN General Assembly to help her country in the refugee crisis and to increase the pressure on Myanmar to take back all Rohingya.
The refugee problem is also acute in India. The Indian government is pushing for up to 40,000 Rohingya to be expelled, which the Supreme Court must decide. A government letter to the court said today that some of the refugees from Myanmar pose serious security risk. They put Buddhists and Indian citizens at risk. The Rohingya refugees reject any connection with Islamic extremists. According to the UN, 16,000 Rohingya are registered in India and many more are not officially recorded. The Indian government speaks of 40,000 Rohingya. Many have lived in India for years.