Heidelberg - Lifestyle changes do not always replace the use of antihypertensive drugs. That pointed out. However, normal weight, balanced diet and regular exercise are still the cornerstones of treatment. "In the case of moderate hypertension of up to 159 to 99, doctors should always recommend change in lifestyle first," explains Martin Hausberg, CEO of the Hypertension League.
This included balanced, low-salt diet, exercise, and no smoking drink little alcohol. "If the values do not drop after several months despite the patient's intensive efforts, treatment with blood pressure medication is necessary," says Hausberg. The same applies if the blood pressure exceeds 159/99 mmHg or if there is an increased risk due to other diseases of the kidneys, the cardiovascular system or diabetes melltius. "In these cases, it would be almost irresponsible not to prescribe any medication," says the high pressure expert.
He warned that older people in particular often do not feel slightly elevated values as dangerous. Age plus 100 - this outdated rule of thumb for determining the maximum values was still used by too many patients and doctors. After that, blood pressure of up to 160 mmHg would still be acceptable for 60-year-old. “However, long-term studies clearly show that value above 140 mmHg is hazardous to health in the long term at any age and significantly increases the risk of heart attack or stroke,” says Hausberg.