Berlin - Around 77,500 people in Germany have no health insurance. State Secretary Ingrid Fischbach (CDU) named this number yesterday in the Bundestag Health Committee. In 2003 there were around 188,000, in 2011 around 137,000.
According to Fischbach, there are many foreigners among the people who do not have health insurance. This applies, for example, to EU immigrants from Romania and Bulgaria. In many cases, the previous insurance is difficult to determine here. In addition, there would be asylum seekers and people without an asylum application who are in Germany who are obliged to leave Germany. Following an amendment to the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act in March 2015, the restricted basic benefits are now limited to 15 months, compared to 48 months previously. In the first 15 months, refugees only receive acute and pain care. They are then entitled to health insurance-level care.
Since April 2007 there is compulsory insurance in statutory health insurance (GKV) and in private health insurance (PKV) since the beginning of 2009. Anyone who was late in complying with the compulsory insurance had to pay late payment surcharge of five percent per month in addition to the outstanding contributions. This led to an enormous accumulation of contribution debts.
As result, the Bundestag decided in 2013 that "". The law contained cut-off date regulation, according to which uninsured persons who applied for membership with health insurance company by the end of 2013 were exempt from late payment surcharges and old contributions. Those who only took out insurance from 2014 had to pay late payment surcharges of one percent. By August 2014, around 55,000 previously uninsured people came to the GKV. In addition, around 4,500 uninsured persons became members of the PKV by the end of 2013.