Berlin - Due to armed conflicts and climate change, the global fight against hunger is threatened with setback. "If the pace of fighting hunger remains the same, 50 countries will not succeed in abolishing hunger by 2030," announced yesterday in Berlin when the 2018 Global Hunger Index was published.
They are Hunger values have fallen by 28 percent worldwide since 2000, but the recent rise in the number of hungry people to 821 million people shows that the trend is again going in the wrong direction.
The Global Hunger Index (GHI) rates the situation in 51 countries around the world as serious or very serious. The President of Welthungerhilfe, Bärbel Dieckmann, called for more commitment to resolving conflicts. “Without political solutions, this fight will not be won.”
The Central African Republic, where the situation is “grave”, comes in last in the index. A civil war broke out in the country in 2012, in which militias from the Christian majority and the Muslim minority faced each other. Only after French military intervention, followed by UN peacekeeping operation, did the situation stabilize. However, new fighting broke out in 2017.
The highest regional hunger levels are in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. "In both regions, the levels of malnutrition, stunted growth in children, emaciation in children and child mortality are unacceptably high," the study said. But there is also further progress: Angola, Rwanda, Ethiopia and Myanmar are among the pioneers with an improvement in the GHI score of more than 45 percent.
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The report aims to show that hunger is both cause and consequence of flight and displacement. In countries with armed conflict, hunger is twice as high as in the rest of the world. More than 68 million people worldwide are on the run, more than ever before.
The head of the UN World Food Program (WFP), David Beasley, called for more international efforts. The war in Syria and the mass exodus of civilians are examples of the price to be paid for neglecting the hunger problem, Beasley said.
"Feeding Syrian in Syria costs about 50 cents day for same Syrian in Berlin or Munich it is 50 euros day, "said Beasley, US politician and former governor of South Carolina. “For every percent increase in hunger, there is two percent increase in migration. That applies everywhere, ”he said.
The situation in Syria will remain bad even after the war is over.2018 was the worst year in recent history for farmers in the country - because of the war, but also because of drought. There is lack of equipment, irrigation systems and seeds, he said. "The donor countries will also have to be very committed to Syria after the war, even if states do not want to support the regime," said Beasley.