Barcelona - 40 years ago, more than eight million babies were born after fertility treatment. This was the result of an analysis of the ICMART data collection, which was presented on Tuesday at the annual congress of the European Society for Reproductive Medicine and Embryology () in Barcelona. In the meantime, it is estimated that more than half million babies are born worldwide after artificial insemination.
Spain continues to lead the way in Europe with the most fertility treatments. Almost 120,000 therapy cycles were carried out here in 2015 alone. In second, third and fourth place are Russia (110,723), Germany (96,512) and France (93,918), according to ESHRE. In-vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injections (ICSI) and egg donation - which are prohibited in Germany - are taken into account.
Geneva - Artificial insemination procedures are the most common in Spain. The country in the south of Europe overtook Russia and France that were formerly first placed in 2014. This is the result of preliminary evaluation of national ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology) registry data, which was presented today at the 33rd Annual Meeting of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE)
According to the ESHRE data, there were around 800,000 treatment cycles across Europe in 2015, which resulted in 157,449 babies. However, not all countries have been taken into account in this evaluation, for example Great Britain with usually around 60,000 cycles is missing.
A good third of the artificial inseminations successful
According to the statistics presented, it occurs at 36% of embryo transfers to pregnancy. Chances are better if the embryo is transferred to the uterus at 5 days instead of 3 days. The chances of getting pregnant are generally lower at an older age and not every pregnancy ends with the birth of baby. Because only one embryo is now used more frequently, twin pregnancies are less common - the rate for 2015 was around 14%.
On July 25, 1978, Louise Brown was followed in Oldham, UK born of an IVF. She was the first artificial insemination in the world. The method was developed by Robert Edwards, who received the Nobel Prize for it in 2010. The first German test tube baby named Oliver was born on April 16, 1982 in the Erlangen gynecological clinic.
Around every 10th couple has difficulty conceiving child naturally. In-vitro fertilization is used by doctors, among other things, for fertility problems in women, such as fallopian tube obstruction.First of all, egg cell maturation is stimulated with hormone preparations. The matured egg cells are suctioned off and fertilized with the man's sperm cells in the laboratory. The resulting embryo is planted in the woman's uterus. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection is now used most frequently. ICSI is used to deal with fertility problems in men, such as too few or poorly motile sperm. The procedure is initially the same as for IVF, but for fertilization sperm cell is injected directly into the egg cell under microscope.