Aachen - 40 percent of Germans have already experienced physical, psychological, sexual or economic violence in their life - men and women. This was the result of survey with around 4,000 participants in Aachen. “The number of people experienced violence surprised us,” reports Ute Habel, head psychologist at the. Habel heads the teaching and research area “Neuropsychological Gender Research”.
It also includes the model project “Gender-specific recording and care of patients after experience of violence”, within the framework of which the survey took place. The project is funded by the European Union and the state of North Rhine-Westphalia with over 1.5 million euros and is running in cooperation with the Aachen association “Women Help Women eV” at the Aachen University Hospital.
Experiences of violence can have far-reaching health consequences. According to the scientists, those affected have significantly higher risk of developing mentally or somatic diseases - for example, from cardiac arrhythmias, anorexia or gastrointestinal problems. In addition, according to the survey, those affected feel more stressed and have higher consumption of alcohol and drugs or higher risk of suicide than unexposed patients.
The project group has therefore developed various advisory modules. “Everyone deals with experiences of violence differently. We take this into account with our consulting and training concept, ”says Habel. Some patients were more likely to benefit from emotion-regulating training, in which they learned to take better care of themselves and their various moods, while other patients were more likely to need training to deal more effectively with problems that arise.
Patients, the victims of violence, there is often lack of self-esteem. “This, too, can be significantly increased under professional guidance,” says the psychologist.