Wiesbaden - The number of people in need of care in Germany continues to rise: In December 2015, 2.86 million people were dependent on care. That is around 234,000 or almost nine percent more than two years earlier, the Federal Statistical Office in Wiesbaden announced today.
Around three quarters (2.08 million) of all those in need of care were cared for at home, most of them alone of relatives. That affected almost 1.4 million. For around 692,000 of the people who were cared for at home, this was done with the help of outpatient care services. A good quarter (783,000) of those in need of care lived in nursing homes.
Compared to 2013, the number of in In-patient care homes tend to be below average by 2.5 percent or 19,000 - compared to 2001, however, there are 192,000 more, which corresponds to an increase of third.
Care at home has increased significantly by 11.6 Percent or 215,000 between 2013 and 2015, which is also due to the numerous reforms of long-term care insurance. On average, nursing service looked after 52 people in need of care. Of the approximately 13,300 outpatient services, around two thirds were privately run.
One third had non-profit organization, including about and counting. A total of around 356,000 employees worked in the care services, the majority of them part-time. This corresponds to around 239,000 full-time positions.
Of the 2.9 million people in need of care, around 1.2 million had significantly limited everyday skills. This particularly affects people with dementia, people with intellectual disabilities or mental illnesses. With the introduction of new assessment system for classification in nursing at the beginning of the year, the situation for these people was further improved. In the assessment, physical and mental deficits should now be considered equally.
With increasing age, people become in the Usually in need of care. As the statistics show, 83 percent of those in need of care in 2015 were 65 years of age or older, and more than third (37 percent) were at least 85 years old. Most of the people in need of care were women (64 percent).
It is noticeable that women from around the age of 80 have significantly higher care rate - i.e. they are more in need of care than men in this age group. For example, the care quota for women aged 85 to under 90 is 44 percent, whereas for men of the same age it is 31 percent. In addition to the different health developments, the reason for this could also be the fact that women more often live alone and an application is required more quickly if they need care.Men in need of care are often looked after by their wives first.
The President of the, Ulrike Mascher, still considers care “construction site” despite numerous reforms. Above all, strengthening prevention must be given top priority. "It has been proven that prevention and rehabilitation can prevent or postpone the need for long-term care in many older patients," explained Mascher. She also called for the need for long-term care not to make people poor. More and more people could no longer pay home costs and would need state support . To prevent this, the VdK calls for an annual automatic adjustment of long-term care insurance benefits.
The demanded more care staff. The care profession must be more attractive and the financing of care must be secured. She pointed out that the support from partners and families in the care does not grow any further. "Neighborhoods, friendships and the care help from Eastern Europe are gaining in importance", explained CEO Eugen Brysch.