The state of health in East and West has ">
25 years after largely aligned with the fall of the wall. But there are further differences, as an overview by the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) in "GBE compact" shows. At the beginning of the 1990s, women lived 2.3 years longer in the west than in the east. Today life expectancy has adjusted. For men, the 3.2 year difference has not yet been made up. They died in the east 1.4 years earlier than in the west in 2009/2011.
According to the RKI, the east-west contrast is increasingly being overlaid by north-east-south-west gradient. This is particularly evident in the life expectancy of people over 60. Men have the fewest remaining years of life in parts of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Saxony-Anhalt, while most have women in Baden-Württemberg and parts of Bavaria. In Saxony, the life expectancy of people over 60 is no longer any lower than in Lower Saxony or North Rhine-Westphalia.
The higher mortality rate in the GDR is associated with the unhealthy way of life. There were more obese people there, there was more smoking (men only) and alcohol and less sport than in the West. Meanwhile the differences have equalized. In the case of men, the West has even overtaken the East: In 1990/1992 17.3 percent of 25 to 69-year-olds in the West were obese; in 2008/2011 it was already 24.6 percent. In the east, the share rose from 21.7 to 23.9 percent. rme