Boston / Atlanta - The excessive salt intake of the population is responsible for 2.3 million cardiac deaths worldwide every year, epidemiologists calculate at symposium of the American Heart Association in New Orleans. Another team reports that even small children are spoiled too often with salty snacks.
Not only in Germany and other industrialized countries do people consume too much salt with their food. In the emerging and developing countries, too, the intake has risen in recent decades, as researched by Dariush Mozaffarian from the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston and employees from the Global Burden of Diseases Study of the World Health Organization (WHO).
According to this, the mean global sodium intake in 2010 was 3.95 g / die, almost twice as much as the 2 recommended by the WHO g / the. The highest intake was in Kazakhstan (6.0 g / d), Mauritius (5.6) and Uzbekistan (5.5), the people in Kenya (1.5) and Malawi (1.5) received the least salt and Rwanda (1.6). Some people there may be underserved. The global rule, however, is oversupply, which has worsened over the past two decades. According to Mozaffarian, the global per capita daily intake has risen by 124 mg (all figures apply to sodium, higher values apply to the intake of table salt, i.e. sodium chloride).
Mozaffarian et al. related the numbers to meta-analysis from 107 randomized clinical trials in which they examined the influence of salt consumption checked blood pressure. In another meta-analysis, they then calculated the number of cardiovascular diseases caused by salt consumption. If the calculations are correct, 2.3 million deaths worldwide are due to excessive salt consumption every year.
Almost one million die before the age of 69. 60 percent of the men are affected, and in most countries they eat more salty food than women. About 42 percent of deaths are due to heart attacks, 41 percent to strokes, and the remainder to other cardiovascular diseases. According to Mozaffarian, total of 84 percent of salt-related deaths occur in emerging and developing countries.
The nutritional errors often start in infancy, complains Joyce Maalouf of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta Investigated prepared foods for infants and young children in the United States. Almost 75 percent had too much sodium. In ready-made meal for small children, the obesity expert found no less than 630 mg of sodium, or 40 percent of the recommended daily amount for the age group.