Berlin - Against the background of the rapidly growing world population, the UN Population Fund () has spoken out in favor of improved and self-determined access for women to contraceptives.
“There are still 214 million women who have one Wanting to prevent pregnancy but not being able to use modern method of contraception ”, criticized the organization today in Berlin at the presentation of its world population report. The population policy of the future must protect and strengthen rights.
According to figures, there are currently 7.7 billion people living. According to forecasts by the United Nations, there will be 9.8 billion people in 2050.
Federal Development Minister Gerd Müller (CSU) warned of serious supply problems in parts of the world. Without changes, Africa's population will double by 2050. Nigeria would then be the country in the world with the third largest number of people. The world population is growing by 230,000 people every day, by more than 80 million year, two thirds of them in developing countries.
“The population explosion in the world is not just joy, of course joy over many babies and children, but at the same time challenge, ”said the CSU politician. “Does the stork win or does the plow win? That is the exciting question. ”The clear signal is,“ We have to empower women and enable family planning, especially in developing countries ”.
The speed of population growth in the 1960s and 1970s is major concern triggered, announced UNFPA on the report. With global average of 2.5 children per woman, this rate has almost halved since 1969.
Meanwhile, more than half of all married women use modern method of contraception. Equality is the key to strengthening the reproductive rights of women and men. The UN agency urged governments and civil society not to allow unmet needs for contraception, preventable maternal mortality, and violence or practices that harm women and girls, including child marriage and genital mutilation.
The stake the number of women who could use contraception has more than doubled in the past five decades, according to the report: While it was 24 percent in 1969, the number rose to 58 percent in 2019.
In the In the 51 countries surveyed, only 57 percent of women in relationship have access to contraceptives. The poorer the women are, the less chance they have of getting the funds - this applies to both industrialized and developing countries.
UNFPA Executive Director Natalia Kanem said that without this access women would lack the power to make decisions about their own bodies, including whether to get pregnant. That's why they couldn't shape their own future.