Berlin - The coronavirus 2019-nCoV is apparently already transferable with very mild symptoms. This is what the Institute for Virology at the Berlin Charité and the Institute for Microbiology of the Bundeswehr found out after regular examinations of the patients cared for in the Schwabing Clinic in Munich, as Roman Wölfel, head of the Bundeswehr Institute for Microbiology, confirmed to the Deutsches Ärzteblatt in the evening. High infectious concentrations of the 2019-nCoV virus were found in nasopharyngeal swabs - with simultaneously mild course of the disease, he said.
According to their own information, the laboratories of both institutes found in several cases that they were infectious Viruses from the nose and throat of people with low symptoms can be grown in cell cultures. The symptoms of the examined patients would be more like harmless cold than serious pneumonia.
At the same time, the researchers found There are indications that the new type of coronavirus is also multiplying in the nasal and throat areas as well as in the digestive tract, regardless of the lungs, and is also detectable in the stool. According to reports, Chinese experts had also reported possible spread via the digestive system.
"These observations are clear indications that the virus can be transmitted even with mild or incipient cold symptoms," said the virologists from Munich and Berlin. These include sore throat, signs of an acute sinus infection or slight feeling of illness without fever.
The Robert Koch Institute (RKI) had previously pointed out reports of individual cases in which people may have been infected who have not yet shown any symptoms.
According to Wölfel, the studies in Munich and Berlin are the first time scientific data have been collected outside of China regarding the transmission of the viruses. The data should be published in the coming weeks, he told the Deutsches Ärzteblatt. At the same time, he emphasized that, because of the general importance of the findings, they did not want to wait to publish the results.
A Charité spokeswoman agreed. She told the Deutsches Ärzteblatt.
p. One weighed the information obligation and the way of scientific publication and decided in favor of the information >
Despite the massive protective measures, the spread of the corona virus in China has not yet been able to be braked. According to government information, more than 20,000 people have now become infected with the pathogen. 425 people in mainland China died as result.Outside of China, there has so far been one death in Hong Kong and one in the Philippine capital Manila.
In Germany, there have been total of twelve confirmed cases of illness from the coronavirus. Eight of these are employees of the automotive supplier Webasto in Bavaria. Company employees were infected by colleague who had come from China for training course.
Initially, it was said that the Chinese colleague had not shown any symptoms of the disease during her stay in Germany. .