New Delhi - Ailments such as diarrhea and pneumonia can be treated well - yet such preventable diseases still cost 15,000 children under five the lives of around the world every day. This means more than 60 million deaths in this age group by 2030, according to published today. The authors called on dozens of countries, especially in Africa, to improve health care for young children.
The UN Children's Fund Unicef, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Bank stated in their joint report that the number of deaths children under five have declined significantly in recent decades thanks to better health care - from 12.6 million in 1990 to an estimated 5.6 million last year. Instead of 35,000 day, 15,000 small children die every day. However, this number is still "unacceptably high", declared the organizations.
Reduce mortality rate
You referred to the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Among other things, it is planned that the under-five mortality rate will be reduced from the current 41 to 25 per 1,000 births. However, around 50 countries, particularly in Africa, lagged behind in their efforts to improve health care, criticized, and. This urgently needs to change.
The report also points to an increased proportion of newborns in the child mortality rate. This is due to the fact that care for children in the first month of life has recently improved more slowly than for children between one month and five years of age.
Pneumonia, diarrheal diseases and malaria
are the most common preventable causes of death According to the report, pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria. Malnutrition also plays role in half of the deaths, as it weakens the immune system. Dirty water and poor hygiene were also cited as factors.
80 percent of the deaths of children under five are concentrated in sub-Saharan Africa, according to the report. Last year, the death rate in this age group was 79 deaths per 1,000 births on average. The populous emerging country of India has the highest absolute death toll with 850,000, followed by Nigeria with 450,000.
The UN report points out also refer to gender differences in mortality rates in some countries: in some countries, especially in South and West Asia, more girls die before the age of five than in the rest of the world. In some Asian countries, male offspring are clearly preferred by their parents. Female fetuses are specifically aborted, boys are given priority in the allocation of medical treatment and food.
The aid organization called on Germany to take decisive fight against the high child mortality rate in poorer parts of the world. The new federal government must make “general health care for every child and mother priority of its global health policy”, said the managing director of Save the Children Germany, Susanna Krüger, today in Berlin.