Berlin - Before the next world climate summit in Glasgow in November, 114 countries have promised to improve their national plans for more climate protection by then at the latest. This emerges from list by the UN Climate Change Secretariat published by the Chilean chairmanship of last year's summit.
The president of the upcoming summit, former British energy minister Claire O'Neill, praised this was an increase by around 60 percent since September.
Important countries such as China and India, which emit particularly high levels of climate-damaging greenhouse gases, are but not yet below that. According to the Paris climate protection agreement, the states are obliged to tighten their climate protection targets in good time for the summit in Scotland.
O'Neill also welcomed the fact that 121 states have now committed to becoming climate neutral by 2050, i.e. the bottom line to stop emitting greenhouse gases such as CO2.
"It is crucial that the world stands together if we are to have chance to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees," she said. In December, EU Commission President Ursula von der Leyen also set the goal of making the EU climate neutral by 2050.
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the earth has already heated up by around one degree. And the past five years have been the warmest on record. The consequences include more extreme weather events, i.e. more heat waves, droughts and forest fires, but also hurricanes, floods and heavy rain, depending on the region.
If things continue as before, the temperature increase at the end of the century would be 3, 4 to 3.9 degrees. The aim, however, is maximum of 1.5 degrees in order to avoid the most dangerous tipping points in the ecosystem.